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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549
________________
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
OR
     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission file number 001-15827
VISTEON CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
State ofDelaware38-3519512
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
One Village Center Drive,Van Buren Township,Michigan48111
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (800)-VISTEON
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Par Value $.01 Per ShareVCThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ü No__
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ü No __
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer,” "smaller reporting company" and “emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ü  Accelerated filer  __   Non-accelerated filer __   Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. __
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ü
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes ü No__
As of April 22, 2021, the registrant had outstanding 27,962,305 shares of common stock.
Exhibit index located on page number 34.
1




Visteon Corporation and Subsidiaries
Index
Page
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (Unaudited)
2



Part I
Financial Information

Item 1.Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In millions except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Net sales
$746 $643 
Cost of sales
(673)(590)
Gross margin
73 53 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(45)(54)
Restructuring, net
1 (33)
Interest expense
(3)(3)
Interest income
1 1 
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates
 1 
Other income, net
4 4 
Income (loss) before income taxes
31 (31)
Provision for income taxes
(12)(5)
Net income (loss)
19 (36)
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(3)1 
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation
$16 $(35)
Comprehensive income (loss)
$1 $(73)
 Less: Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests(2)1 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation
$(1)$(72)
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon Corporation
$0.57 $(1.25)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon Corporation
$0.56 $(1.25)

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
3



VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
March 31,December 31,
20212020
ASSETS
Cash and equivalents
$482 $496 
Restricted cash
4 4 
Accounts receivable, net
466 484 
Inventories, net
188 177 
Other current assets
152 180 
Total current assets
1,292 1,341 
Property and equipment, net
414 436 
Intangible assets, net
123 127 
Right-of-use assets
162 172 
Investments in non-consolidated affiliates
57 60 
Other non-current assets
123 135 
Total assets
$2,171 $2,271 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Accounts payable
$486 $500 
Accrued employee liabilities
69 83 
Current lease liability
31 32 
Other current liabilities
189 209 
Total current liabilities
775 824 
Long-term debt, net
349 349 
Employee benefits
307 322 
Non-current lease liability
137 146 
Deferred tax liabilities
30 28 
Other non-current liabilities
67 92 
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock (par value $0.01, 50 million shares authorized, none outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020)
  
Common stock (par value $0.01, 250 million shares authorized, 55 million shares issued, 28 million shares outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020)
1 1 
Additional paid-in capital
1,337 1,348 
Retained earnings
1,639 1,623 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(321)(304)
Treasury stock
(2,272)(2,281)
Total Visteon Corporation stockholders’ equity
384 387 
Non-controlling interests
122 123 
Total equity
506 510 
Total liabilities and equity
$2,171 $2,271 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
4



VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Operating Activities
Net income (loss)
$19 $(36)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided from (used by) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization
27 25 
Non-cash stock-based compensation
4 5 
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates, net of dividends remitted
— (1)
Other non-cash items
1 6 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable
4 102 
Inventories
(17)(16)
Accounts payable
2 (42)
Other assets and other liabilities
(29)(18)
Net cash provided from operating activities
11 25 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures, including intangibles
(18)(44)
Loan repayments from non-consolidated affiliates2 2 
Other1 1 
Net cash used by investing activities
(15)(41)
Financing Activities
Borrowings on revolving credit facility
 400 
Repurchase of common stock
 (16)
Dividends paid to non-controlling interests
 (7)
Net cash provided from financing activities
 377 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(10)(5)
Net (decrease) increase in cash
(14)356 
Cash, equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of the period
500 469 
Cash, equivalents, and restricted cash at end of the period
$486 $825 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
5



VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' Equity
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Treasury
Stock
Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' EquityNon-Controlling InterestsTotal Equity
December 31, 2020
$1 $1,348 $1,623 $(304)$(2,281)$387 $123 $510 
Net income (loss)
— — 16 — — 16 3 19 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
— — — (17)— (17)(1)(18)
Stock-based compensation, net
— (11)— — 9 (2)— (2)
Dividends declared to non-controlling interests
— — — — — — (3)(3)
March 31, 2021
$1 $1,337 $1,639 $(321)$(2,272)$384 $122 $506 

Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' Equity
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Treasury
Stock
Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' EquityNon-Controlling InterestsTotal Equity
December 31, 2019
$1 $1,342 $1,679 $(267)$(2,275)$480 $115 $595 
Net income (loss)
— — (35)— — (35)(1)(36)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
— — — (37)— (37)— (37)
Stock-based compensation, net
— (5)— — 7 2 — 2 
Repurchase of shares of common stock— — — — (16)(16)— (16)
Cash dividends— — — — — — (7)(7)
March 31, 2020
$1 $1,337 $1,644 $(304)$(2,284)$394 $107 $501 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
























6



VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation - Interim Financial Statements

The condensed consolidated financial statements of Visteon Corporation (the "Company" or "Visteon") have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP"). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments, except as otherwise disclosed) that management believes are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position, stockholders' equity, and cash flows of the Company for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of full-year results.

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported herein. Considerable judgment is involved in making these determinations and the use of different estimates or assumptions could result in significantly different results. Management believes its assumptions and estimates are reasonable and appropriate. However, actual results could differ from those reported herein. Events and changes in circumstances arising after March 31, 2021, including those resulting from the impacts of COVID-19 and the related subsequent semiconductor supply shortage, as further described in Note 14, "Commitments and Contingencies.", will be reflected in management's estimates in future periods.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts: The Company establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts for accounts receivable based on the current expected credit loss impairment model (“CECL”). The Company elected to apply a historical loss rate based on historic write-offs by region to aging categories. The historical loss rate will be adjusted for current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts of future losses, as necessary. The Company may also record a specific reserve for individual accounts when the Company becomes aware of specific customer circumstances, such as in the case of a bankruptcy filing or deterioration in the customer's operating results or financial position.

The allowance for doubtful accounts was $4 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Reference Rate Reform - In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting." Subsequently, in 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, "Reference Rate Reform", to further clarify and expand certain aspects of ASC 848. ASU 2020-04 and ASU 2021-01 provide optional expedients and exceptions related to certain contract modifications and hedging relationships that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") or another rate that is expected to be discontinued. The guidance was effective upon issuance and is generally applied to applicable contract modifications and hedge relationships prospectively through December 31, 2022. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 2. Non-Consolidated Affiliates

Investments in Affiliates

The Company recorded equity in the net income of non-consolidated affiliates of less than a million and $1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

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The Company's investments in non-consolidated equity method affiliates include the following:

March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Yanfeng Visteon Investment Co., Ltd. ("YFVIC") (50%)
$46 $50 
Other
11 10 
Total investments in non-consolidated affiliates
$57 $60 

Variable Interest Entities
The Company evaluates whether joint ventures in which it has invested are Variable Interest Entities (“VIE”) at the start of each new venture and when a reconsideration event has occurred. The Company consolidates a VIE if it is determined to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE having both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
The Company determined that YFVIC is a VIE. The Company holds a variable interest in YFVIC primarily related to its ownership interests and subordinated financial support. The Company and Yangfeng Automotive Trim Systems Co. Ltd. ("YF") each own 50% of YFVIC and neither entity has the power to control the operations of YFVIC; therefore, the Company is not the primary beneficiary of YFVIC and does not consolidate the joint venture.
The Company's investments in YFVIC consists of the following:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Payables due to YFVIC
$6 $9 
Exposure to loss in YFVIC:
Investment in YFVIC
$46 $50 
Receivables due from YFVIC
40 53 
Subordinated loan receivable from YFVIC
4 6 
    Maximum exposure to loss in YFVIC
$90 $109 

Investments

In 2018, the Company committed to make a $15 million investment in two funds managed by venture capital firms principally focused on the automotive sector pursuant to limited partnership agreements. As a limited partner in each fund, the Company will periodically make capital contributions toward this total commitment amount. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has contributed a total of $5 million toward the aggregate investment commitments. These investments are classified as equity method investments.

NOTE 3. Restructuring Activities
Given the economically-sensitive and highly competitive nature of the automotive electronics industry, the Company continues to closely monitor current market factors and industry trends, including potential impacts related to COVID-19, taking action as necessary which may include restructuring actions. However, there can be no assurance that any such actions will be sufficient to fully offset the impact of adverse factors on the Company or its results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

During 2020 the Company approved various restructuring programs impacting engineering, administrative and manufacturing functions to improve efficiency and rationalize the Company’s footprint. During the first quarter of 2021, the Company released $1 million of restructuring expense due to a change in estimate. The Company recorded $33 million of net restructuring expense for cash severance, retention, and termination costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2021, $26 million remains accrued related to these programs.

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During 2018, the Company approved a restructuring program impacting legacy employees at a South America facility due to the wind-down of certain products. As of March 31, 2021, $2 million remains accrued related to this program.

As of March 31, 2021, the Company retained restructuring reserves as part of the Company's divestiture of the majority of its global Interiors business (the "Interiors Divestiture") of $2 million associated with completed programs for the fundamental reorganization of operations at facilities in Brazil and France.

Restructuring Reserves

Restructuring reserve balances of $26 million and $5 million as of March 31, 2021 are classified as Other current liabilities and Other non-current liabilities, respectively. Restructuring reserve balances of $39 million and $10 million as of December 31, 2020 are classified as Other current liabilities and Other non-current liabilities, respectively. The Company anticipates that the activities associated with the current restructuring programs will be substantially complete by the end of 2022. The Company’s restructuring reserves and related activity are summarized below and include amounts associated with discontinued operations.

(In millions)
December 31, 2020$49 
   Expense 
   Change in estimate(1)
   Utilization(16)
   Foreign currency(1)
March 31, 2021$31 

NOTE 4. Inventories

Inventories, net consist of the following components:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Raw materials
$132 $114 
Work-in-process
23 25 
Finished products
33 38 
$188 $177 
NOTE 5. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Intangible assets, net are comprised of the following:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)Estimated Weighted Average Useful Life (years)Gross IntangiblesAccumulated AmortizationNet IntangiblesGross IntangiblesAccumulated AmortizationNet Intangibles
Definite-Lived:
Developed technology10$41 $(38)$3 $41 $(38)$3 
Customer related1094 (66)28 95 (64)31 
Capitalized software development544 (7)37 44 (7)37 
Other3214 (7)7 14 (7)7 
Subtotal193 (118)75 194 (116)78 
Indefinite-Lived:
Goodwill48 — 48 49 — 49 
Total $241 $(118)$123 $243 $(116)$127 

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Capitalized software development consists of software development costs intended for integration into customer products.


NOTE 6. Other Assets

Other current assets are comprised of the following components:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
 Joint venture receivables
$40 $53 
 Recoverable taxes
39 52 
 Contractually reimbursable engineering costs
33 31 
 Prepaid assets and deposits
26 18 
Royalty agreements5 7 
China bank notes4 15 
 Other
5 4 
$152 $180 


The Company receives bank notes from certain customers in China to settle trade accounts receivable. The collection of such bank notes are included in operating cash flows based on the substance of the underlying transactions which are operating in nature. The Company redeemed $51 million and $27 million of China bank notes during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Remaining amounts outstanding at third-party institutions related to sold bank notes will mature by the end of the third quarter of 2021.

Other non-current assets are comprised of the following components:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Deferred tax assets$53 $55 
Contractually reimbursable engineering costs33 31 
Recoverable taxes19 21 
Royalty agreements5 8 
Joint venture notes receivable 7 
 Other
13 13 
$123 $135 
Current and non-current contractually reimbursable engineering costs are related to pre-production design and development costs incurred pursuant to long-term supply arrangements that are contractually guaranteed for reimbursement by customers. The Company expects to receive cash reimbursement payments of $28 million during the remainder of 2021, $18 million in 2022, $15 million in 2023, $4 million in 2024 and $1 million in 2025 and beyond.

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NOTE 7. Other Liabilities

Other current liabilities are summarized as follows:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Product warranty and recall accruals
$52 $52 
Deferred income
42 46 
Restructuring reserves26 39 
Royalty reserves
14 13 
Income taxes payable
10 5 
 Non-income taxes payable 7 15 
Joint venture payables
6 9 
Other
32 30 
$189 $209 

Other non-current liabilities are summarized as follows:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Derivative financial instruments
$23 $38 
Product warranty and recall accruals
8 12 
Deferred income
7 7 
Income tax reserves
7 6 
 Restructuring reserves5 10 
Royalty agreements
5 6 
Other
12 13 
$67 $92 

NOTE 8. Debt
The Company’s debt consists of the following:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Long-Term Debt:
Term debt facility, net$349 $349 
Short-Term Debt
As of March 31, 2021, the Company has no outstanding short-term borrowing, available borrowings under affiliate credit facilities are $178 million.
Long-Term Debt

As of March 31, 2021, the Company has an amended credit agreement ("Credit Agreement") which includes a $350 million Term Facility maturing March 24, 2024 and a $400 million Revolving Credit Facility which matures the earlier of (i) December 24, 2024, (ii) 90 days prior to the scheduled maturity of the Term Facility, or (iii) the date of the termination of the Company's credit agreement.

On March 19, 2020, the Company borrowed the entire amount of revolving loans available under the Revolving Credit Facility to increase its cash position and maximize its flexibility in response to unprecedented uncertainty related to the impact of COVID-19. On September 24, 2020, the Company fully repaid the amount borrowed under the Revolving Credit Facility following stronger than expected industry recovery and improved Company performance in the third quarter of 2020. The Company has no outstanding borrowings on the Revolving Credit Facility as of March 31, 2021.

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Interest on the Term Facility loans accrue at a rate equal to a LIBOR-based rate plus an applicable margin of 1.75% per annum. Loans under the Company' Revolving Credit Facility accrue interest at a rate equal to a LIBOR-based rate plus an applicable margin of between 1.00% - 2.00%, as determined by the Company's total gross leverage ratio.

The Credit Agreement requires compliance with customary affirmative and negative covenants and contains customary events of default. The Revolving Credit Facility also requires that the Company maintain a total net leverage ratio no greater than 3.50:1.00. During any period when the Company’s corporate and family ratings meet investment grade ratings, certain of the negative covenants are suspended. As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all its debt covenants. 

The Revolving Credit Facility also provides $75 million availability for the issuance of letters of credit and a maximum of $20 million for swing line borrowings. Any amount of the facility utilized for letters of credit or swing line loans outstanding will reduce the amount available under the existing Revolving Credit Facility. The Company may request increases in the limits under the Credit Agreement and may request the addition of one or more term loan facilities. Outstanding borrowings may be prepaid without penalty (other than borrowings made for the purpose of reducing the effective interest rate margin or weighted average yield of the loans). There are mandatory prepayments of principal in connection with: (i) excess cash flow sweeps above certain leverage thresholds, (ii) certain asset sales or other dispositions, (iii) certain refinancing of indebtedness and (iv) over-advances under the Revolving Credit Facility. There are no excess cash flow sweeps required at the Company’s current leverage level.

All obligations under the Credit Agreement and obligations with respect to certain cash management services and swap transaction agreements between the Company and its lenders are unconditionally guaranteed by certain of the Company’s subsidiaries. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, any amounts outstanding are secured by a first-priority perfected lien on substantially all property of the Company and the subsidiaries party to the security agreement, subject to certain limitations. 

Other

The Company has a $5 million letter of credit facility, whereby the Company is required to maintain a cash collateral account equal to 103% (110% for non-U.S. dollar denominated letters) of the aggregate stated amount of issued letters of credit and must reimburse any amounts drawn under issued letters of credit. The Company had $3 million of outstanding letters of credit issued under this facility secured by restricted cash, as of March 31, 2021. Additionally, the Company had $9 million of locally issued letters of credit with less than $1 million of collateral as of March 31, 2021, to support various tax appeals, customs arrangements and other obligations at its local affiliates.

NOTE 9. Employee Benefit Plans
The Company's net periodic benefit costs for all defined benefit plans for the three month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
U.S. PlansNon-U.S. Plans
(In millions)2021202020212020
Costs Recognized in Income:
Pension financing benefits (cost):
Interest cost
$(4)$(6)$(2)$(2)
Expected return on plan assets9 10 2 2 
Amortization of losses and other
(1)— — — 
Total Pension financing benefits (cost):4 4 — — 
Restructuring related pension cost:
Special termination benefits
— (1)— — 
Net pension benefit (cost)$4 $3 $— $— 
Pension financing benefits, net of $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are classified as Other income, net on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, cash contributions to the Company's defined benefit plans were approximately $4 million for the U.S. plans and $2 million for the non-U.S. plans. The Company estimates that total cash contributions to its pension plans during 2021 will be $25 million.

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NOTE 10. Income Taxes
During the three month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded a provision for income tax on continuing operations of $12 million, which reflects income tax expense in countries where the Company is profitable; accrued withholding taxes; ongoing assessments related to the recognition and measurement of uncertain tax benefits; the inability to record a tax benefit for pretax losses and/or recognize expense for pretax income in certain jurisdictions (including the U.S.) due to valuation allowances; and other non-recurring tax items, including enacted tax law changes. Pretax losses from continuing operations in jurisdictions where valuation allowances are maintained and no income tax benefits are recognized totaled $11 million and $52 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, resulting in an increase in the Company's effective tax rate in those years.
The Company's provision for income taxes in interim periods is calculated by applying an estimated annual effective tax rate on income before income taxes, excluding equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates for the period. Effective tax rates vary from period to period as separate calculations are performed for those countries where the Company's operations are profitable with results continuing to be tax-effected and for those countries where deferred tax valuation allowances exist and are maintained. In determining the estimated annual effective tax rate, the Company analyzes various factors, including but not limited to, forecasts of projected annual earnings, tax jurisdictions in which the pretax income (losses) will be generated, and available tax planning strategies. The changing and volatile macro-economic conditions connected with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may cause fluctuations in forecasted earnings before income taxes. As such, the Company's effective tax rate could be subject to volatility as forecasted earnings before income taxes are impacted by events that cannot be predicted. The Company’s estimated annual effective tax rate is updated each quarter and may be significantly impacted by changes to the mix of forecasted earnings by tax jurisdiction. The tax impact of adjustments to the estimated annual effective tax rate are recorded in the period such estimates are revised. The Company is also required to record the tax impact of certain other non-recurring tax items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and uncertain tax positions, and changes in tax laws or rates in the interim period in which they occur, rather than include them in the estimated annual effective tax rate.
The need to maintain valuation allowances against deferred tax assets in the U.S. and other affected countries will cause variability in the Company’s quarterly and annual effective tax rates. Full valuation allowances against deferred tax assets in the U.S. and applicable foreign countries will be maintained until sufficient positive evidence exists to reduce or eliminate them. The Company evaluates its deferred income taxes quarterly to determine if valuation allowances are required or should be adjusted. This assessment considers, among other matters, the nature, frequency, and amount of recent losses, the duration of statutory carryforward periods, and tax planning strategies. In making such judgments, significant weight is given to evidence that can be objectively verified. If (i) recent improvements to financial results continue in the U.S., or (ii) recovery of the global economy after the COVID-19 pandemic occurs faster than expected, the Company believes it is possible that sufficient positive evidence may be available to release all, or a portion, of its U.S. valuation allowance in the next nine to 24 months.
Unrecognized Tax Benefits
Gross unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, including amounts attributable to discontinued operations, were $15 million and $14 million, respectively. Of these amounts, approximately $8 million and $7 million, respectively represent the amount of unrecognized benefits that, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate. The gross unrecognized tax benefit differs from that which would impact the effective tax rate due to uncertain tax positions embedded in other deferred tax attributes carrying a full valuation allowance. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded a $2 million increase in tax expense related to uncertain tax positions attributable to certain related party transactions. The Company records interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense and related amounts accrued at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was $2 million in both years.
With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal tax examinations for years before 2014, or state, local or non-U.S. income tax examinations for years before 2003, although U.S. net operating losses carried forward into open tax years technically remain open to adjustment. Although it is not possible to predict the timing of the resolution of all ongoing tax audits with accuracy, it is reasonably possible that certain tax proceedings in the U.S., Europe, Asia and Mexico could conclude within the next twelve months and result in a significant increase or decrease in the balance of gross unrecognized tax benefits. Given the number of years, jurisdictions, and positions subject to examination, the Company is unable to estimate the full range of possible adjustments to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits. The long-term portion of uncertain income tax positions (including interest) of $7 million is included in Other non-current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, while $3 million is reflected as a reduction of a deferred tax asset related to a net operating loss included in Other-non-current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
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During 2012, Brazil tax authorities issued tax assessment notices to Visteon Sistemas Automotivos (“Sistemas”) related to the sale of its chassis business to a third party, which required a deposit in the amount of $15 million during 2013 necessary to open a judicial proceeding against the government in order to suspend the debt and allow Sistemas to operate regularly before the tax authorities after attempts to reopen an appeal of the administrative decision failed. Adjusted for currency impacts and accrued interest, the deposit amount is approximately $10 million as of March 31, 2021. The Company believes that the risk of a negative outcome is remote once the matter is fully litigated at the highest judicial level. These appeal payments, as well as income tax refund claims associated with other jurisdictions, total $14 million as of March 31, 2021, and are included in Other non-current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.


NOTE 11. Stockholders’ Equity and Non-controlling Interests
Non-Controlling Interests
The Company's non-controlling interests are as follows:
March 31,December 31,
(In millions)20212020
Yanfeng Visteon Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd.$57 $57 
Shanghai Visteon Automotive Electronics, Co., Ltd.
42 44 
Changchun Visteon FAWAY Automotive Electronics, Co., Ltd.
21 20 
Other
2 2 
$122 $123 

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Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) and reclassifications out of AOCI by component include:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Changes in AOCI:
Beginning balance
$(304)$(267)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification, net of tax
(18)(37)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI
1  
Ending balance
$(321)$(304)
Changes in AOCI by Component:
Foreign currency translation adjustments
  Beginning balance
$(115)$(153)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification, net of tax (a)
(33)(38)
  Ending balance
(148)(191)
Net investment hedge
  Beginning balance
(15)4 
  Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification, net of tax (a)
14 9 
  Amounts reclassified from AOCI
(1)(1)
  Ending balance
(2)12
Benefit plans
  Beginning balance
(165)(114)
  Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification, net of tax (b)
1 1 
  Amounts reclassified from AOCI1 1 
  Ending balance
(163)(112)
Unrealized hedging gain (loss)
  Beginning balance
(9)(4)
  Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification, net of tax (c)
 (9)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI1  
  Ending balance
(8)(13)
Total AOCI
$(321)$(304)
(a) There were no income tax effects for either period due to the valuation allowance.
(b) Net tax expense was less than $1 million related to benefit plans for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
(c) There were no income tax effects related to unrealized hedging gain (loss) for either period due to the valuation allowance.

Share Repurchase Program

During the first quarter of 2020, the Company purchased a total of 233,769 shares of Visteon common stock at an average price of $67.87 for an aggregate purchase amount of $16 million pursuant to an agreement with a third-party financial institution.

NOTE 12. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income attributable to Visteon by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common and potentially dilutive common shares outstanding. Performance based share units are considered contingently issuable shares and are included in the computation of diluted earnings per share based on the number of shares that would be issuable if the reporting date were the end of the contingency period and if the result would be dilutive.
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The table below provides details underlying the calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions, except per share amounts)20212020
Numerator:
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon
$16 $(35)
Denominator:
Average common stock outstanding - basic
27.9 27.9 
Dilutive effect of performance based share units and other
0.5  
Diluted shares
28.4 27.9 
Basic and Diluted Per Share Data:
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon
$0.57 $(1.25)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon:
$0.56 $(1.25)
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, performance based share units of approximately 170,000 were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because the effect of including them would have been anti-dilutive.

NOTE 13. Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments
Fair Value Measurements
The Company uses a three-level fair value hierarchy that categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value based on the observability of the inputs utilized in the valuation. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
Level 1 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets and liabilities in an active market that the Company has the ability to access.
Level 2 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.
Items Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The Company is exposed to various market risks including, but not limited to, changes in currency exchange rates arising from the sale of products in countries other than the manufacturing source, foreign currency denominated supplier payments, debt, dividends and investments in subsidiaries. The Company manages these risks, in part, through the use of derivative financial instruments. The maximum length of time over which the Company hedges the variability in the future cash flows related to transactions, excluding those transactions as related to the payment of variable interest on existing debt, is eighteen months. The maximum length of time over which the Company hedges forecasted transactions related to variable interest payments is the term of the underlying debt.
Hedge instruments are measured at fair value on a recurring basis under an income approach using industry-standard models that consider various assumptions, including time value, volatility factors, current market and contractual prices for the underlying and non-performance risk. Substantially all of these assumptions are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument or may derived from observable data. Accordingly, the Company's currency instruments are classified as Level 2, "Other Observable Inputs" in the fair value hierarchy.
The Company presents its derivative positions and any related material collateral under master netting arrangements that provide for the net settlement of contracts, by counterparty, in the event of default or termination. Derivative financial
16



instruments are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. There is no cash collateral on any of these derivatives.
Currency Exchange Rate Instruments: The Company primarily uses forward contracts denominated in euro, Japanese yen, Thai baht and Mexican peso intended to mitigate the variability of cash flows denominated in currency other than the hedging entity's functional currency.
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had foreign currency economic derivative instruments with notional amounts of $38 million and $18 million, respectively. At March 31, 2021, these instruments are undesignated hedges of local currency value of recognized net monetary balances that are denominated in a currency other than the particular entity's functional currency. The aggregate fair value of these derivative instruments is an asset of less than $1 million and an asset of $1 million, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Cross Currency Swaps: The Company has executed cross-currency swap transactions intended to mitigate the variability of the U.S. dollar value of its investment in certain of its non-U.S. entities. These transactions are designated as net investment hedges and the Company has elected to assess hedge effectiveness under the spot method. Accordingly, periodic changes in the fair value of the derivative instruments attributable to factors other than spot exchange rate variability are excluded from the measurement of hedge ineffectiveness and reported directly in earnings each reporting period.
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had cross currency swaps with an aggregate notional value of $250 million. The aggregate fair value of these derivatives is a non-current liability of $14 million and $27 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, a gain of $6 million is expected to be reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings within the next 12 months.
Interest Rate Swaps: The Company utilizes interest rate swap instruments to manage its exposure and to mitigate the impact of interest rate variability. The instruments are designated as cash flow hedges, accordingly, the effective portion of the periodic changes in fair value is recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders' equity. Subsequently, the accumulated gains and losses recorded in equity are reclassified to income in the period during which the hedged cash flow impacts earnings.
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had interest rate swaps with an aggregate notional value of $300 million. The aggregate fair value of these derivative transactions is a non-current liability of $9 million and $11 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, a loss of $6 million is expected to be reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings within the next twelve months.
Financial Statement Presentation
Gains and losses on derivative financial instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows:
Recorded Income (Loss) into AOCI, net of tax
Reclassified from AOCI into Income (Loss)
(In millions)2021202020212020
Foreign currency risk - Cost of sales:
Cash flow hedges
$— $(2)$— $— 
Interest rate risk - Interest expense, net:
Interest rate swap
 (7)(1) 
Net investment hedges
14 9 1 1 
$14 $— $— $1 
Items Not Carried at Fair Value
The Company's fair value of debt was $347 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Fair value estimates were based on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities. Accordingly, the Company's debt fair value disclosures are classified as Level 2, "Other Observable Inputs" in the fair value hierarchy.
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Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments including cash equivalents, derivative contracts, and accounts receivable, expose the Company to counter-party credit risk for non-performance. The Company’s counterparties for cash equivalents and derivative contracts are banks and financial institutions that meet the Company’s credit rating requirements. The Company’s counterparties for derivative contracts are substantial investment and commercial banks with significant experience using such derivatives. The Company manages its credit risk pursuant to written policies that specify minimum counterparty credit profile and by limiting the concentration of credit exposure amongst its multiple counterparties.
The Company's credit risk with any single customer does not exceed ten percent of total accounts receivable except for Ford and its affiliates which represent 14% and 13%, and Renault/Nissan which represents 10% and 11%, of the Company's balance as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

NOTE 14. Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation and Claims
In 2003, the Local Development Finance Authority of the Charter Township of Van Buren, Michigan issued approximately $28 million in bonds finally maturing in 2032, the proceeds of which were used at least in part to assist in the development of the Company’s U.S. headquarters located in the Township. During January 2010, the Company and the Township entered into a settlement agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) that, among other things, reduced the taxable value of the headquarters property to current market value. The Settlement Agreement also provided that the Company would negotiate in good faith with the Township, pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement, in the event that property tax payments were inadequate to permit the Township to meet its payment obligations with respect to the bonds. In October 2019, the Township notified the Company that the Township had incurred a shortfall under the bonds of less than $1 million and requested that the Company meet to discuss payment. The parties met in November 2019 but no agreement was reached. On December 9, 2019, the Township commenced litigation against the Company in Michigan’s Wayne County Circuit Court claiming damages of $28 million related to what the Township alleges to be the current shortfall and projected future shortfalls under the bonds. The Company disputes the factual and legal assertions made by the Township and intends to defend the matter vigorously. The Company is not able to estimate the possible loss or range of loss in connection with this matter.
In November 2013, the Company and Halla Visteon Climate Control Corporation (“HVCC”), jointly filed an Initial Notice of Voluntary Self-Disclosure statement with the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) regarding certain sales of automotive HVAC components by a minority-owned, Chinese joint venture of HVCC into Iran. The Company updated that notice in December 2013, and subsequently filed a voluntary self-disclosure regarding these sales with OFAC in March 2014. In May 2014, the Company voluntarily filed a supplementary self-disclosure identifying additional sales of automotive HVAC components by the Chinese joint venture, as well as similar sales involving an HVCC subsidiary in China, totaling $12 million, and filed a final voluntary-self disclosure with OFAC on October 17, 2014. OFAC is currently reviewing the results of the Company’s investigation. Following that review, OFAC may conclude that the disclosed sales resulted in violations of U.S. economic sanctions laws and warrant the imposition of civil penalties, such as fines, limitations on the Company's ability to export products from the United States, and/or referral for further investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice. Any such fines or restrictions may be material to the Company’s financial results in the period in which they are imposed, but the Company is not able to estimate the possible loss or range of loss in connection with this matter. Additionally, disclosure of this conduct and any fines or other action relating to this conduct could harm the Company’s reputation and have a material adverse effect on its business, operating results and financial condition. The Company cannot predict when OFAC will conclude its own review of voluntary self-disclosures or whether it may impose any of the potential penalties described above.
The Company's operations in Brazil are subject to highly complex labor, tax, customs and other laws. While the Company believes that it is in compliance with such laws, it is periodically engaged in litigation regarding the application of these laws. The Company maintained accruals of $9 million for claims aggregating $56 million in Brazil as of March 31, 2021. The amounts accrued represent claims that are deemed probable of loss and are reasonably estimable based on the Company's assessment of the claims and prior experience with similar matters.
The adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic led to a significant vehicle production reduction in the first half of 2020, which was followed by increased consumer demand and vehicle production schedules in the second half of 2020, particularly in the fourth quarter. Because semiconductor suppliers have been unable to rapidly reallocate production to serve the automotive industry, the surge in demand led to a worldwide semiconductor supply shortage. The shortage was further exacerbated in the first quarter of 2021 by storms in late February that impacted certain semiconductor supplier facilities in the southern United
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States and a fire at another semiconductor fabrication facility in Japan in March 2021. The Company is working closely with suppliers and customers to attempt to minimize potential adverse impacts of these events which are outside of the Company’s control. Notwithstanding these efforts, the Company’s semiconductor suppliers have in some instances been unable to deliver sufficient semiconductors to meet the Company’s customer requirements. This has led certain customers to allege that the Company has contributed to production reductions. As a result, these customers have communicated that they expect the Company to absorb some of the financial impact of those reductions and are reserving their rights to claim damages arising from the supply shortages. The Company believes it has a number of legal defenses to such claims and intends to defend any such claims vigorously. The Company has also notified semiconductor suppliers that it will seek compensation from them for failure to deliver sufficient quantities. The Company is not able to estimate the possible loss or range of loss in connection with this matter at this time.
While the Company believes its accruals for litigation and claims are adequate, the final amounts required to resolve such matters could differ materially from recorded estimates and the Company's results of operations and cash flows could be materially affected.
Guarantees and Commitments
As part of the agreements involving the divestiture of the Climate business (the "Climate Transaction") and Interiors Divestiture, the Company continues to provide lease guarantees to divested Climate and Interiors entities. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has $5 million and $1 million of outstanding guarantees, related to the divested Climate and Interiors entities, respectively. The guarantees represent the maximum potential amount that the Company could be required to pay under the guarantees in the event of default by the guaranteed parties. The guarantees will generally cease upon expiration of current lease agreement which expire in 2026 and 2024 for the Climate and Interiors entities, respectively.
Product Warranty and Recall
Amounts accrued for product warranty and recall claims are based on management’s best estimates of the amounts that will ultimately be required to settle such items. The Company’s estimates for product warranty and recall obligations are developed with support from its sales, engineering, quality and legal functions and include due consideration of contractual arrangements, past experience, current claims and related information, production changes, industry and regulatory developments and various other considerations. The Company can provide no assurances that it will not experience material claims in the future or that it will not incur significant costs to defend or settle such claims beyond the amounts accrued or beyond what the Company may recover from its suppliers. Specific cause actions represent customer actions related to defective supplier parts and related software.
The following table provides a rollforward of changes in the product warranty and recall claims liability:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Beginning balance$64 $49 
Provisions5 5 
Changes in estimates
1 — 
Currency/other(3) 
Settlements
(7)(5)
Ending balance$60 $49 

Other Contingent Matters

Various legal actions, governmental investigations and proceedings and claims are pending or may be instituted or asserted in the future against the Company, including those arising out of alleged defects in the Company’s products; governmental regulations relating to safety; employment-related matters; customer, supplier and other contractual relationships; intellectual property rights; product warranties; product recalls; and environmental matters. Some of the foregoing matters may involve compensatory, punitive or antitrust or other treble damage claims in very large amounts, or demands for recall campaigns, environmental remediation programs, sanctions, or other relief which, if granted, would require very large expenditures. The Company enters into agreements that contain indemnification provisions in the normal course of business for which the risks are considered nominal and impracticable to estimate.
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Contingencies are subject to many uncertainties, and the outcome of individual litigated matters is not predictable with assurance. Reserves have been established by the Company for matters discussed in the immediately foregoing paragraphs where losses are deemed probable and reasonably estimable. It is possible, however, that some of the matters discussed in the foregoing paragraphs could be decided unfavorably to the Company and could require the Company to pay damages or make other expenditures in amounts, or a range of amounts, that cannot be estimated as of March 31, 2021 and that are in excess of established reserves. The Company does not reasonably expect, except as otherwise described herein, based on its analysis, that any adverse outcome from such matters would have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, although such an outcome is possible.


NOTE 15. Segment Information and Revenue Recognition

The Company’s current reportable segment is Electronics. The Company's Electronics segment provides vehicle cockpit electronics products to customers, including instrument clusters, information displays, infotainment systems, audio systems, telematics solutions, battery monitoring systems, and head-up displays. As the Company has one reportable segment, total assets, depreciation, amortization and capital expenditures are equal to consolidated results.
Financial results for the Company's reportable segment have been prepared using a management approach, which is consistent with the basis and manner in which financial information is evaluated by the Company's chief operating decision maker in allocating resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s chief operating decision maker, the Chief Executive Officer, evaluates the performance of the Company’s segment primarily based on net sales, before elimination of inter-company shipments, Adjusted EBITDA (a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, as defined below), and operating assets.

Adjusted EBITDA

The Company defines Adjusted EBITDA as net income attributable to the Company adjusted to eliminate the impact of depreciation and amortization, restructuring expense, net interest expense, equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates, gain and loss on divestiture, provision for income taxes, discontinued operations, net income attributable to non-controlling interests, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, and other gains and losses not reflective of the Company's ongoing operations.

Adjusted EBITDA is presented as a supplemental measure of the Company's financial performance that management believes is useful to investors because the excluded items may vary significantly in timing or amounts and/or may obscure trends useful in evaluating and comparing the Company's operating activities across reporting periods. Not all companies use identical calculations and, accordingly, the Company's presentation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Adjusted EBITDA is not a recognized term under U.S. GAAP and does not purport to be a substitute for net income as an indicator of operating performance or cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool and is not intended to be a measure of cash flow available for management's discretionary use, as it does not consider certain cash requirements such as interest payments, tax payments, and debt service requirements. The Company uses Adjusted EBITDA as a factor in incentive compensation decisions and to evaluate the effectiveness of the Company's business strategies. In addition, the Company's credit agreements use measures similar to Adjusted EBITDA to measure compliance with certain covenants.

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Segment Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to net income (loss) attributable to Visteon is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$16 $(35)
  Depreciation and amortization27 25 
  Non-cash, stock-based compensation expense4 5 
  Provision for income taxes12 5 
  Interest expense, net2 2 
  Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests3 (1)
  Restructuring, net(1)33 
  Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates (1)
  Other1  
Adjusted EBITDA$64 $33 

Revenue Recognition

Disaggregated revenue by geographical market and product lines is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Geographical Markets
Europe$276 $254 
Americas202 192 
China Domestic124 57 
China Export54 64 
Other Asia-Pacific119 116 
Eliminations(29)(40)
$746 $643 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Product Lines
Instrument clusters$387 $312 
Audio and infotainment145 145 
Information displays118 109 
Body and security35 25 
Climate controls14 10 
Telematics18 12 
Other29 30 
$746 $643 
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, revenue recognized related performance obligations satisfied in previous periods represented less than 1% of consolidated net sales. The Company has no material contract assets, contract liabilities, or capitalized contract acquisition costs as of March 31, 2021.




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Item 2.Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand the results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows of Visteon Corporation (“Visteon” or the “Company”). MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 18, 2021 and the financial statements and accompanying notes to the financial statements included elsewhere herein.
Executive Summary
Strategic Priorities
Visteon is a global automotive supplier that designs, engineers, and manufactures innovative automotive electronics and connected car solutions for the world’s major vehicle manufacturers. The automotive electronics market is expected to grow faster than underlying vehicle production volumes as the vehicle shifts from analog to digital and towards device and cloud connectivity, electric vehicles, and more advanced safety features.
The Company has laid out the following strategic priorities:
Technology Innovation - The Company is an established global leader in automotive electronics and is positioned to provide solutions as the industry transitions to the next generation automotive experience. The cockpit is becoming fully digital, connected, automated, learning, and voice enabled while vehicles are also becoming electric and featuring more advanced safety capabilities. Visteon's broad portfolio of cockpit electronics technology, the industry's first wireless battery management system, and the development of the DriveCore™ advanced safety platform positions Visteon to support these macro trends in the automotive industry.
Long-Term Growth and Margin Expansion - The Company has continued to win business at a rate that exceeds current sales levels by demonstrating product quality, technical and development capability, new product innovation, reliability, timeliness, product design, manufacturing capability, and flexibility, as well as overall customer service.
Enhance Shareholder Returns - The Company has returned approximately $3.3 billion to shareholders since 2015 through a combination of ongoing share repurchases and a onetime $1.75 billion special distribution in 2016.
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Financial Results

The pie charts below highlight the net sales breakdown for Visteon for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
https://cdn.kscope.io/d1587030946df060e25b98c8c3ced81f-vc-20210331_g1.gif
*Regional net sales are based on the geographic region where sales originate and not where customer is located (excludes inter-regional eliminations).
Global Automotive Market Conditions and Production Levels
Light vehicle production levels for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 by geographic region are provided below:
(Units in millions)Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020Change
China5.6 3.2 75.0 %
Other Asia Pacific5.1 4.9 4.1 %
Europe4.6 4.6 — %
Americas4.2 4.5 (6.7)%
Other0.5 0.4 25.0 %
Global20.0 17.6 13.6 %
Source: LMC, March 2021
The automotive industry was negatively impacted in 2020 by the COVID-19 pandemic, with industry production coming to a stop at most locations at varying times throughout the first half of the year, followed by a faster than anticipated recovery in the second half of 2020. This trend continued in the first quarter of 2021 with strong retail demand in the United States and China while dealer inventories have continued to decrease.
The surge in demand in the second half of 2020 has led to a worldwide semiconductor supply shortage, both in automotive and in other industries, during the first quarter of 2021. In addition, recent events including unusually cold weather in Austin, Texas in February and a supplier fire in Japan have led to reduced semiconductor availability. These factors have been further exacerbated by the continued COVID-19 pandemic and other supply chain related disruptions such as the Suez Canal blockage. The magnitude of the impact on the Company's 2021 financial statements and results of operations and cash flows will depend on the evolution of the semiconductor supply shortage, related plant production schedules and supply chain impacts. Impacts of these supply chain challenges in the first quarter of 2021 may not be indicative of the impacts to be expected in future quarters.
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Results of Operations - Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020
The Company's consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020Change
Net sales$746 $643 $103 
Cost of sales(673)(590)(83)
Gross margin73 53 20 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(45)(54)
Restructuring, net(33)34 
Interest expense, net(2)(2)— 
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates— (1)
Other income, net— 
Provision for income taxes(12)(5)(7)
Net income (loss)19 (36)55 
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests(3)(4)
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$16 $(35)$51 
Adjusted EBITDA*$64 $33 $31 
* Adjusted EBITDA is a Non-GAAP financial measure, as further discussed below.
Net Sales, Cost of Sales and Gross Margin
(In millions)Net SalesCost of SalesGross Margin
Three months ended March 31, 2020$643 $(590)$53 
Volume, mix, and net new business102 (89)13 
Currency16 (10)
Customer pricing(19)— (19)
Engineering costs, net *— 16 16 
Cost performance, design changes and other— 
Three months ended March 31, 2021$746 $(673)$73 
*Excludes the impact of currency.